Vaccination for COVID-19 will be voluntary, the Union Health Ministry said, noting that the vaccine introduced in India will be as effective as any vaccine developed by other countries.
The ministry further said it was advisable to receive a full coronavirus vaccine schedule regardless of past history of COVID-19 infection as this will help develop a strong immune response against the disease.
He also said that the protective level of antibodies generally develops two weeks after receiving the second dose.
The ministry listed a series of frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the COVID-19 vaccine on Thursday evening and answered questions such as whether taking a vaccine was mandatory, how long does it take for antibodies to develop, and whether it was needed for a COVID person recovered to take the vaccine.
“Vaccination for COVID-19 is voluntary. However, it is advisable to receive the full vaccine schedule to protect yourself against this disease and also to limit the spread of this disease to close contacts including family, friends, relatives and co-workers,” he said. the ministry in response to a question about the obligation to shoot.
The ministry said vaccine trials are in several stages of finalization. The government is ready to roll out a COVID-19 vaccine soon, he said.
Six vaccines: one developed by Bharat Biotech in collaboration with ICMR, the second developed by Zydus Cadila, the third by Gennova, Oxford vaccine, tested by the Serum Institute of India, the Sputnik V vaccine which is manufactured by Dr Reddy’s Lab, Hyderabad, in collaboration with the Russian Gamaleya National Center and the sixth produced by Biological E Ltd, Hyderabad, in collaboration with MIT, USA are undergoing clinical trials in India.
On the question of whether a vaccine will be safe as it is tested and introduced in a short amount of time and what the possible side effects may be, the ministry said vaccines will only be introduced in the country after regulatory bodies have clarified this on the basis of its safety and efficacy.
“The COVID-19 vaccine will only be introduced when safety is proven. As is true for other vaccines, common side effects in some individuals could be mild fever, pain, etc. At the injection site,” the ministry said in Questions. frequent.
He said states have been asked to begin making arrangements to address any vaccine-related side effects as one of the measures for safe vaccine delivery.
Two doses of the vaccine, 28 days apart, must be taken by an individual to complete the vaccination schedule, he said.
The ministry said anyone who takes medicines for diseases such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, etc., can take the COVID-19 vaccine as people with one or more of these comorbid conditions are considered to be high-risk categories and must be vaccinated.
In response to the question of whether the vaccine will be given to everyone at the same time, the ministry said that, based on the potential availability of vaccines, the government has selected priority groups to vaccinate as they are at the highest risk.
In the initial phase, the COVID 19 vaccine will be provided to the priority group: health care and frontline workers. The 50+ age group may also start early based on vaccine availability.
Eligible beneficiaries will be informed via their registered mobile number about the health facility where the vaccination will be provided and the scheduled time. This will be done to avoid any inconvenience in registering and vaccinating beneficiaries, the ministry said in the FAQ.
On why healthcare workers and frontline workers are chosen to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, the ministry said the government has prioritized the most at-risk / high-risk groups who will receive the vaccine first.
Healthcare workers led the battle against COVID-19 from the front. The government wants them to continue your work, without the fear of the risk associated with the virus.
“Therefore, healthcare and frontline workers are among the first group of people to be vaccinated,” he said.
The ministry said registering a beneficiary is mandatory for vaccination for COVID-19. Only after registration will the information on the site of the session to be visited and the time be shared.
After online registration, the beneficiary will receive an SMS on their registered mobile number on the expiration date, place and time of the vaccination.
Photo ID such as driver’s license, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) work card, PAN card, bank / post office booklets, passport • retirement card, issued ID service card to employees of central / state government Public companies and voter ID can be presented at registration.
After receiving the right dose of vaccine, the recipient will receive an SMS on the registered mobile number. After all doses of the vaccine have been administered, a QR code-based certificate will also be sent to the recipient’s registered mobile number, the ministry said.
On preventive measures and precautions, the ministry said: “We ask you to rest at the vaccination center for at least half an hour after taking the COVID-19 vaccine.
“Notify nearest health authorities / ANM / ASHA if you experience any discomfort or discomfort afterward. Remember to continue to follow the appropriate key COVID behaviors such as wearing the mask, maintaining hand sanitation and physical distance,” he added.