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3 hours agoAuthor: Jaydev Singh
The President of Pakistan Arif Alvi has signed the Anti-Rape Ordinance 2020. In addition, chemical castration of rape offenders has been allowed in Pakistan for some time. It was approved by Prime Minister Imran Khan and his cabinet last month.
What is this chemical castration? How effective is it in preventing crimes like rape? What is the effect on the body of criminals with chemical castration? Why did the government of Pakistan bring this law? Ever talked about bringing it to India? Why is it difficult to implement in our country? Which countries in the world have this law? Let us know …
What is Chemical Castration?
- In chemical castration, male testosterone is given less, subtracting men’s sexual desire from the chemical. It is primarily a sex hormone.
- This includes or use of norfidic drugs. Its effect is only temporary. For this reason, it has to be given again after a certain time interval. When the effect wears off, the sexual desire becomes the same as before.
- It can be administered by both medication and injection. The drug has to be taken regularly while the effect of the injection lasts for a few months. In this case, the chemical castration of the defectors is in the form of an injection.
- Drugs such as cyproterone acetate (CPA), medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and LHRH are used for this. These drugs reduce the hormones testosterone and estradiol. These hormones are responsible for men’s sexual desire. MPA is used for chemical castration in UP, while CPA is used in UP, Canada and the Middle East.
How effective is chemical castration?
- If we talk about medical effects, then the bones are weakened by chemical castration. Lack of blood, muscle weakness and many other effects.
- Scandinavian research says that the rate of re-feeding has decreased from 5 to 40% after applying chemical castration. Other countries in the world say the same thing. However, its effectiveness is always in question.
- Talking about the legal implications, senior advocate Abha Singh told Bhaskar that it was not very effective. It must be given after a certain period. In countries where it is being used, it is not very effective. But still, it is better to be something than nothing.
How effective can it be in India?
- Advocate Abha Singh says it would be a kind of fear factor if that happened. This will put mental pressure on people. Perhaps the people of these families are made aware of the crimes committed by their wives.
- Such demands arise in the country, but why have they not been implemented in India? In response to this question, Abha Singh says that we are a mail dominated society. 0% of the country’s MLAs have been sexually assaulted. Then why would he bring the law against himself.
- Abha Singh says, ‘Chemical castration is done only by giving parole and furlough to the criminals. The challenge is whether the offender will be on parole or furlough. Tracking it will be a challenge for the system. With this, the culprit will have to be traced to re-inject the culprit when the effect of chemical castration is completed. Which will be a big challenge in a country with huge population like India.
Why did the government of Pakistan bring this law?
- In the same year, a woman who was going to Gunjarawala with her children in Sintabar was gang-raped on a Lahore highway. Demonstrations took place all over Pakistan. Meanwhile, Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has said that those convicted of crimes such as rape should be hanged in public or chemical castration should be used.
- Last month, Imran brought an ordinance of chemical castration to those convicted of cabinet rape, which has now become law after the seal of the President.
- The new ordinance should set up special courts across the country for speedy prosecution of sexual offenses. The court settled the case in four months, including things like three years in jail for revealing the victim’s identity.
Has it ever been demanded in India?
- Chemical castration was first practiced in India in 2011 as a punishment. When his stepdaughter was convicted of raping her for four years, instead of a prison sentence, chemical castration was called for.
- After the Nirbhaya gangrape in 2014, chemical castration of sex offenders was also demanded in India. The BJP then also supported the demand. Venkaiah Naidu, a senior BJP leader at the time and the current vice-president, told the media. Such demand was once again caught in the country after the Hyderabad gangrape last year.
- It is said that after the Nirbhaya rape case, Justice J.S. The Verma Committee submitted a report to the government, also stating about chemical construction. Many Congress leaders in power at the time also supported him, but Congress was not on his side. The proposal was also referred to the Standing Committee of Parliament. However, a three-member committee rejected it. And called it a violation of human rights.
In which other countries is chemical castration allowed?
- Countries such as Britain, Germany, South Korea, Poland, Indonesia and some US states have laws for chemical castration of sex offenders.
- The use of chemical or physical castration in the U.S. Was born on September 18, 1996 in California. While the government used it as a condition for the release of parolees convicted of sexual offenses. Later, U.S. Eight more states passed similar laws.
- The Russian parliament passed a similar law in 2011. In this case, forensic psychiatrists may, on the instance of the court, advise chemical castration to sex offenders who have been convicted of committing such offenses with children under 14 years of age.
- In 2012, the UK newspaper The Mirror reported chemical castration of about 100 sex offenders. The report states that this was done on a government-sponsored voluntary basis. Following the report, the government, in a conversation with The Guardian, justified its use for high-risk sex offenders.
- In 2013, South Korea’s National Assembly amended its law on sexual offenses. In this, the local court, chemical castration can convict the person, if found guilty of such offenses. Apart from this New Zealand, Poland, Indonesia, Israel, Moldova have similar laws.