According to a new report, more than 4.5 million people will be forced to migrate from their homes in India by 2050 due to climate disasters including floods, droughts and cyclones, three times more than current figures. In 2020, the number of displaced people in India is 1.4 crore, he said.
The ‘Costs of climate inaction: displacement and distress migration’ report assessed climate-fueled displacement and migration in five South Asian countries – Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka – and calculates a devastating probability that over 6 crores of people are homeless and displaced by 2050 in South Asia alone.
It is based on a study conducted by the international agencies ActionAid International and Climate Action Network South Asia.
Citing the data, the report says 4.5 crore from India will be forced to migrate from their homes by 2050 due to climate disasters.
“The political failure to limit global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius according to the Paris Agreement goal is already driving 18 million climate migrants away from their homes in 2020,” the report said.
The report released on Friday estimates that climate migration will triple in South Asia alone, a region severely affected by climate disasters, including floods, droughts, typhoons and cyclones.
The research was undertaken by Bryan Jones, one of the authors of the first Groundswell report on internal climate migration in 2018.
The report called for strong leadership and ambition from developed countries to reduce emissions and support developing countries to adapt to climate change and recover from climate disasters. It recommended a holistic approach that places the burden of providing support on rich countries and urges developing countries to step up efforts to protect people from climate impacts.
Harjeet Singh, ActionAid’s Global Climate Lead, said: “We are facing melting glaciers in Nepal, rising seas in India and Bangladesh, cyclones and inhospitable temperatures. Climate change is forcing more and more people to leave their homes in search of safety and new means to provide for their families.
“Rich countries must take greater responsibility to reduce their emissions and support South Asian countries in reducing emissions and addressing climate impacts. The human cost of inaction is too high, “he said.
Research reveals that in all five countries, women face the negative consequences of climate migration. “They are left behind to take care of household chores, agricultural activities, child and elderly care and livestock management. Women who migrate to urban settlements are often forced to take up work in precarious environments where violations of workers’ rights are widespread, “she said.
Sanjay Vashist, Director, Climate Action Network South Asia said: “South Asia is geographically vulnerable to climate disasters and is regularly hit by floods and cyclones, but poverty and environmental injustice are also determining factors in this climate migration crisis. .
“South Asian leaders must join forces and prepare plans for the protection of the displaced. They need to step up and invest in universal and effective social protection measures, resilience plans and green infrastructure to respond to the climate crisis and help those who have been forced to move, “he said.