Discovered an exoplanet with a huge orbit: new study

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The discovery of exoplanets has recently taken off as better tools and techniques have been widely used by researchers to find these spheres of mass in vast expanses of space. Researchers have confirmed more than 4,300 exoplanets. They all had one thing in common: their orbit was relatively close to their host star. In stark contrast to this pattern, scientists have discovered something extraordinary. A huge exoplanet, which is on a 15,000-year orbit around its binary star system. This marks the first time that researchers have been able to confirm such a gigantic orbit.

The exoplanet was found in orbit around a binary star system.

The exoplanet is called HD 106906 b and is about 11 times heavier than Jupiter. The host stars of this planet are only 15 million years old and orbit each other every 100 days. The whole system is about 336 light-years away and the pair of hot stars in the main sequence is called HD 106906. This discovery has raised some ears in the scientific community for how similar it is to the fabulous, extremely wide orbit Planet Nine. The planet has an eccentric and highly misaligned orbit, which is what researchers hope to find with planet nine.

Most of the exoplanets found so far are so close to the stars they host due to the techniques we use to identify them. The two most important techniques, namely the transit method and the oscillation method, measure changes in the characteristics of the star, which can be attributed to an orbiting planet. To be sure, researchers need multiple tweaks at regular intervals to confirm an exoplanet. This is why it is extremely difficult to confirm something with a wide orbit. You will have to wait a long time before a planet with a large orbit forces some observable periodic changes.

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The new exoplanet is an exception as it was imaged directly, unlike all the others that were discovered. But to understand the orbit of HD 106906 b, the researchers had to look back 14 years in the Hubble Space Telescope archive. They found that it was within an approximate distance of 737 astronomical units from its star. The most puzzling part of this discovery is that the exoplanet does not orbit the binary star system on the same plane as the other planets.

The discovery was made using data from the Hubble Space Telescope.

Many theories have been put forward as a possible explanation for this bizarre configuration. This discovery will add more force to the international move to find the hypothesized Planet Nine as it has shown that such a bizarre orbit is possible. Without doubt, this new exoplanet will be the source of much new information for researchers around the world.

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