Covid highlighted inequalities in a short time; man should work with nature: UNDP report | India news

NEW DELHI: The Covid-19 pandemic took little time to expose the inequalities and weaknesses in social and economic systems, which has threatened human development, which requires a greater need to work with and not against nature, said the UNDP in a report launched Wednesday.
The pandemic is the latest crisis the world faces, but unless humans let go of nature, it won’t be the last, says the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 2020 report.
The report included a new experimental human progress index that takes into account countries’ carbon footprint and carbon footprint.
“COVID-19 took very little time to unmask and exploit the overlapping inequalities, as well as weaknesses in social, economic and political systems, and threaten reversals in human development.
“The next frontier of human development will require working with and not against nature, transforming social norms, values ​​and government and financial incentives,” the report said.
The UNDP report suggested to world leaders a clear-cut choice to take bold steps to reduce the immense pressure exerted on the environment and the natural world so as to impede humanity’s progress.
“The action and empowerment of people can lead to the action we need if we want to live in balance with the planet in a more just world. We are in an unprecedented time in history, where human activity is become a dominant force shaping the planet, “the report said.
He added that these impacts interact with existing inequalities, threatening significant development reversals. “Nothing less than a great transformation – in the way we live, work and cooperate – is needed to change the path we are on.”
Citing events such as the climate crisis, biodiversity collapse, ocean acidification, UNDP said the list is long and growing.
“So much so that many scientists believe that for the first time, instead of shaping the planet, humans are consciously shaping the planet. This is the Anthropocene – the Age of Humans – a new geological epoch.
“Although humanity has made incredible progress, we have taken the Earth for granted, destabilizing the systems we rely on for survival,” the report said.
He added that Covid-19, which is almost certainly derived from humans from animals, offers a glimpse into our future, where the strain on our planet mirrors the strain societies face.
Thirty years ago, UNDP created a new way of conceiving and measuring progress.
Instead of using GDP growth as the only measure of development, it ranked the countries of the world according to their human development: on the basis that people in every country have the freedom and opportunity to live the lives they care about. .
As people and the planet enter an entirely new geological epoch, the Anthropocene, it is time for all countries to redraw their paths to progress taking full account of the dangerous pressures humans place on the planet and dismantle gross imbalances. of power and opportunity that prevent change, argues the report.
“Humans wield more power on the planet than ever. In the wake of Covid-19, record temperatures and dizzying inequality, it’s time to use that power to redefine what we mean by progress, where our carbon footprints and consumption are. it is no longer hidden, “said UNDP administrator Achim Steiner.
He added that, as this report shows, no country in the world has yet achieved high human development without straining the planet.
In its 30th anniversary edition of the Human Development Report, entitled “The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene,” UNDP introduced a new experimental lens into its Annual Human Development Index (HDI).
It modified the HDI, which measures a nation’s health, education, and standard of living, and included two other elements: a country’s carbon footprint and its material footprint.
The index shows how the landscape of global development would change if both the well-being of people and that of the planet were central to defining the progress of humanity.
Niti member Aayog Ramesh Chand, who was present at the virtual launch of the report in India, said adapting HDI to planetary pressures, which have created environmental consequences for development activities, is quite innovative and revealing.
“I feel that to take care of the interest of the present as well as the interest of the present and future generation, it was necessary for a long time and it was not easy to internalize it. So, I am really happy that the UNDP has introduced this new innovation,” He said Chand.
He added that it highlights how much the present generation is taking away from future generations.
He stressed that there is a greater need to pay more attention in the future to emissions from the agricultural sector and not just from industries.
“We see emissions from factories but we don’t see emissions from fields because emissions that occur from fields are generally invisible but emissions from factories are visible,” he added.
TERI CEO Ajay Mathur said that with the pandemic, years of development efforts suddenly fell apart.
“And I think the recovery will tell us how fast we can get back to at least the same point and then become better. And that’s why planning for tomorrow becomes important. Planning for tomorrow in the case of India, where a great deal of infrastructure has yet to be built, “Mathur said.
The report states that inequalities within and between countries, with deep roots in colonialism and racism, mean that the people who have the most capture the benefits of nature and export the costs.
This stifles opportunities for people who have less and minimizes their ability to do anything about it.
Pedro Conceicao, director of the UNDP’s Office for Human Development Report and lead author of the report, said the way people experience planetary pressures is related to how societies function.
Today, destroyed societies are putting people and the planet on a collision course, Conceicao said.