Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in the United States noted that although both COVID-19 and flu attack the lungs, the former viral disease can damage other organs as well.
The latest study, published in The BMJ, shows that COVID-19 was linked to an increased risk of conditions such as acute kidney and liver damage, as well as heart disease, stroke, severe septic shock, low blood pressure, excessive blood clotting. and new onset diabetes.
“There have been many high-profile public comparisons between COVID-19 and influenza; however, these comparisons have mostly been drawn using disparate data and statistical methods which have led to a lot of speculation,” the senior author said. Ziyad Al-Aly study, assistant professor at Washington University.
“Our research represents an apple-apple comparison between the two diseases,” Al-Aly said.
The researchers analyzed unidentified medical records in a database maintained by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the largest integrated health care system in the country.
They looked at information regarding 3,641 patients hospitalized in the United States with COVID-19 from February 1 to June 17, 2020, as well as 12,676 patients hospitalized with the flu at some point from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019.
The mean age of patients with COVID-19 or influenza was 69, the researchers said.
Among patients hospitalized for COVID-19 or the flu, those infected with the new coronavirus were nearly five times more likely to die than those with the flu, they said.
The study found that of the 12,676 patients with influenza, 674 (5.3%) died and of 3,641 patients with COVID-19, 676 (18.5%) died.
On average, COVID-19 patients were four times more likely to require breathing machines and nearly 2.5 times more likely to be treated in intensive care, according to the researchers.
COVID-19 patients were also more likely to be hospitalized longer, an average of three more days, they said.
The study also found that there was a higher risk of developing diabetes among COVID-19 patients than in flu patients – nine more cases per 100 people.
“These patients didn’t have diabetes until they got COVID-19,” Al-Aly said.
“Then their blood sugar went up and they needed huge doses of insulin. Is diabetes reversible or will it require long-term management? Will it be type 1 or type 2 diabetes? We don’t know why COVID-19 it barely existed a year ago, “he added.
The finding also showed that the COVID-19 patients most at risk of death were those 75 years of age or older who also had chronic kidney disease or dementia, African Americans who were considered clinically obese, or who had diabetes or kidney disease.
The researchers also found that, compared to influenza, COVID-19 was associated with a higher risk of acute kidney injury and severe septic shock, both in six more cases on average for every 100 hospitalized patients.
Compared to flu patients, people with COVID-19 also need more medications to treat severely low blood pressure, a condition that can lead to organ damage and death – 11.5 more people for every 100 people, i said. researchers.
The 5 most sought after skills in a post-Covid workplace
Upskilling Need Of The Hour
Upkilling is on the agenda, either because your industry has been affected, because you have been asked to leave, or simply because you are considering a change. And the new normal means that some skills will be highly sought after in the post-COVID-19 world, as many of our usual ways of life have changed. Employees around the world are forced to adapt to digital infrastructure and work remotely. This requires the acquisition of new skills, not only technical but also transversal skills to make a gradual transition to the new way of working. Lakshmi Mittra, VP – Center of Excellence (CoE) and Clover Academy, Clover Infotech, shares the best skills that in a post-covid world: