Covid-19: Covid patients at five times higher risk of death than those with influenza, the study says

WASHINGTON: COVID-19 is associated with a greater need for ventilators, more intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, and nearly five times the risk of death among hospitalized patients compared to those suffering from the flu, according to a study.

Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in the United States noted that although both COVID-19 and flu attack the lungs, the former viral disease can damage other organs as well.

The latest study, published in The BMJ, shows that COVID-19 was linked to an increased risk of conditions such as acute kidney and liver damage, as well as heart disease, stroke, severe septic shock, low blood pressure, excessive blood clotting. and new onset diabetes.

“There have been many high-profile public comparisons between COVID-19 and influenza; however, these comparisons have mostly been drawn using disparate data and statistical methods which have led to a lot of speculation,” the senior author said. Ziyad Al-Aly study, assistant professor at Washington University.

“Our research represents an apple-apple comparison between the two diseases,” Al-Aly said.

The researchers analyzed unidentified medical records in a database maintained by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the largest integrated health care system in the country.

They looked at information regarding 3,641 patients hospitalized in the United States with COVID-19 from February 1 to June 17, 2020, as well as 12,676 patients hospitalized with the flu at some point from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019.

The mean age of patients with COVID-19 or influenza was 69, the researchers said.

Among patients hospitalized for COVID-19 or the flu, those infected with the new coronavirus were nearly five times more likely to die than those with the flu, they said.

The study found that of the 12,676 patients with influenza, 674 (5.3%) died and of 3,641 patients with COVID-19, 676 (18.5%) died.

On average, COVID-19 patients were four times more likely to require breathing machines and nearly 2.5 times more likely to be treated in intensive care, according to the researchers.

COVID-19 patients were also more likely to be hospitalized longer, an average of three more days, they said.

The study also found that there was a higher risk of developing diabetes among COVID-19 patients than in flu patients – nine more cases per 100 people.

“These patients didn’t have diabetes until they got COVID-19,” Al-Aly said.

“Then their blood sugar went up and they needed huge doses of insulin. Is diabetes reversible or will it require long-term management? Will it be type 1 or type 2 diabetes? We don’t know why COVID-19 it barely existed a year ago, “he added.

The finding also showed that the COVID-19 patients most at risk of death were those 75 years of age or older who also had chronic kidney disease or dementia, African Americans who were considered clinically obese, or who had diabetes or kidney disease.

The researchers also found that, compared to influenza, COVID-19 was associated with a higher risk of acute kidney injury and severe septic shock, both in six more cases on average for every 100 hospitalized patients.

Compared to flu patients, people with COVID-19 also need more medications to treat severely low blood pressure, a condition that can lead to organ damage and death – 11.5 more people for every 100 people, i said. researchers.

The 5 most sought after skills in a post-Covid workplace

Upskilling Need Of The Hour

Upkilling is on the agenda, either because your industry has been affected, because you have been asked to leave, or simply because you are considering a change. And the new normal means that some skills will be highly sought after in the post-COVID-19 world, as many of our usual ways of life have changed. Employees around the world are forced to adapt to digital infrastructure and work remotely. This requires the acquisition of new skills, not only technical but also transversal skills to make a gradual transition to the new way of working. Lakshmi Mittra, VP – Center of Excellence (CoE) and Clover Academy, Clover Infotech, shares the best skills that in a post-covid world:

Troubleshooting

Problem solving skills become essential in a remote working scenario. As employees collaborate and communicate virtually, this can raise a number of challenges. Problem-solving skills enable employees to approach problems rationally and see them as opportunities. In this way, they can identify the most effective methods to correct situations and ensure the smooth running of business operations.

Command

Current global crises have not only tested employees’ abilities to work in a remote work environment, but also their emotional resilience. With some companies announcing remote work until the end of 2020, it has become imperative for managers to develop strong leadership qualities to manage teams remotely, inspire and bring out the best in them through results-based management. Companies are running courses to enable their executives and middle management teams to better plan and manage their work and build camaraderie among their teams remotely.

Cyber ​​security experts

Since most of the workforce operates from home, hackers use it as an opportunity to launch cyber attacks. According to recent reports, there has been a significant increase in the number of cyber attacks on personal computers, networks and routers. With IT and cybersecurity becoming more critical than ever, cybersecurity experts will be on every company’s priority list.

Communication skills

With remote work and collaboration, it’s very important to communicate clearly and be well planned to get the best out of your teams. Right from training and qualifying employees to delivering projects on time, communication skills will become very critical and could be a key factor that distinguishes successful projects from others.

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