Satellite imagery and intercepts of communications along the 3,488-kilometer Line of Actual Control (LAC) show that the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is undertaking a significant upgrade of road and construction infrastructure across the Karakoram Pass and the Aksai Chin to increase military capabilities and capabilities against India.
It is quite evident from the available surveillance data to conclude that despite Beijing’s verbal commitments of mutual military disengagement and frictional easing on the Ladakh LAC, the PLA has no intention of withdrawing troops or equipment from the area.
While the government is in awe of the developments, the number of military vehicles and troop shelters has increased along the 597km Ladakh LAC with a number of fresh excavations indicating the PLA is ready for a long range with the military. Indian.
Indian officials said what has been of grave concern is that China has built an 8-10 meter wide alternative road at the Karakoram Pass that would shorten the distance from the strategic gateway in the Daulet Beg Oldi sector by two hours.
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“Almost all of the kutcha (non-metallic) roads have been paved in the Aksai Chin area with the axis widened for larger vehicles carrying heavy equipment,” said a senior military commander.
Chinese infra-building activity has also increased in the deep areas with a new logistic depot that will have an underground oil and petroleum storage facility on its way to Golmud. The new depot is located almost 1,000 km from the LAC but is connected to Lhasa by the Tibet Railway. It will improve the PLA’s ability and ability to deploy for a long time at the Tibetan border with India and to feed troops in the event of a worst case scenario.
While there is ongoing activity on the Sikkim border, the new concern is the construction of two new underground facilities at Pang Ta Air Base across Arunachal Pradesh. The PLA uses underground tunnels inside the mountains for aircraft housing rather than blasting fences on airbases. A similar park of tunnels was noted at Lhasa Gonggar Air Base with an increase in the number of military aircraft.
The 1962 Xinjiang military command town of Kangxiwar across the Karakoram Pass and on the banks of the Karakash River is restored with direct highway connectivity to Hotan, a critical air force base of the PLA Air Force to dominate restless Uyghurs and a launch pad of combat operations worst-case scenario in East Ladakh. Hotan is located 320 kilometers from Ladakh LAC.