According to the researchers, by the end of the 60 days, a COVID-19 patient’s overall risk of readmission or death was lower than that of patients with heart failure or pneumonia.
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Washington: The first week and a half after leaving the hospital carries a high risk of COVID-19 patients, including trips back to hospital and death, according to a study.
Researchers found this out COVID-19 patients had a 40-60% higher risk of ending up in hospital again or dying in the first 10 days, compared to similar patients treated in the same hospitals in the same months for heart failure or pneumonia.
The study, published in the journal JAMA, found that by the end of 60 days, the COVID-19 the overall risk of patients’ readmission or death was lower than that of the other two serious conditions.
He compared the post-hospital outcomes for nearly 2,200 veterans who survived their hospitalization in 132 hospitals for COVID-19 , with results for nearly 1,800 similar patients surviving a hospital stay for non-disease-related pneumonia and 3,500 survivors of a heart failure hospital stay.
In the first two months, nine percent of COVID-19 Patients who survived hospitalization had died and nearly 20 percent had suffered a setback that sent them back to hospital, the researchers said.
That was in addition to the 18.5% who had died while being hospitalized, they said.
“Comparing COVID-19 Long-term outcomes of patients with those of other seriously ill patients, we see an even greater risk pattern than usual in just the first one or two weeks, which can be a risky period for anyone, “said John P. the first author of the study and an epidemiologist from the University of Michigan in the United States.
All but five percent of the patients were male and half were black, which is not nationally representative but focuses on two high-risk groups.
However, within the veterans studied, the only factor that made a significant difference in results was age, the researchers said.
About half of veterans between 70 and 80 died in the 60 days after leaving the hospital, they said.
The 2.179 COVID-19 patients spent a total of 27,496 days in hospital, and the 354 re-admitted veterans spent a total of 3,728 additional days in hospital.
The most common reasons listed for re-hospitalization were COVID-19 , cited in 30 percent of patients and observed sepsis in 8.5 percent, the researchers said.
More than 22 percent of readmitted veterans went to an intensive care unit, they added.