The Perseverance Robot is on its way to its final destination, Mars, where it should arrive on February 18, 2021.
In this animation that NASA (American Space Agency) has just delivered, you can see what a “seven minute panic” would be, which would finalize the expected arrival on the Red Planet.
At that time, the steadfastness will go at a speed of 19,500 km / h which is on top of the Martyr’s atmosphere, known as Jjaro crater.
Once, the robot would have been looking for signs of microscopic life on the planet for at least a year on Mars (about 687 Earth days).
The Persistence Vehicle will collect rock and soil samples, store them in pipes and leave them on the planet’s surface for future transfer to Earth.
The robot will also study the geology of the red planet and test ways in which astronauts on future missions can produce oxygen from CO2 in the atmosphere to breathe and use as fuel.
“Seven Minute Terror”
The sequence of complex maneuvers that take place before the landing of the fortress has already been described by many experts as a “seven minutes of terror”.
In July 2020, the robot that leaves Earth will travel encapsulated in a two-part box: a back shield and a heat shield.
As the spacecraft travels through the Martian atmosphere, its heat shield will face temperatures as low as 2,100 ° C.
When it is about 11 km above the ground, the probe will launch a parachute that will reduce the vehicle’s speed from 2,099 km / h to about 320 km / h.
Then, the heat shield will detach from the back cover and the robot will fall freely to the ground for a short time.
Subsequently, eight retrofits will be activated, which will allow to carry out the “Sky Crane” maneuver, through which the equipment will slowly descend with three nylon threads and a “rope”.
When the explorer’s wheels hit the ground, let go of those bonds.
This is NASA’s first mission to directly search for “signatures” or biological signs of life from Project Viking in the 1970s.
You’ve seen our new videos YoutubeSubscribe to our channel!